Standards and Best Practices
National standards and best practices are voluntary benchmarks against which museums measure their own performance. They also help policy makers, media, philanthropic organizations, donors and members of the public to assess museums’ achievements.
- Standards are generally accepted levels of attainment that all museums are expected to achieve.
- Best practices are commendable actions and philosophies that demonstrate an awareness of standards, solve problems and can be replicated. Museums may choose to emulate them if appropriate to their circumstances.
The Alliance recognizes the great diversity of the museum field and the importance of the ethical codes, standards, and best practices developed and issued by various organizations. For a list of field-wide and relevant standards, please see the bottom of the page.
Our standards, collectively known as the Characteristics of Excellence for U.S. Museums address “big picture” issues about how museums operate—for the most part they define broad outcomes that can be achieved in many different ways.
Some of the key issues addressed in these standards include: stewardship of resources; accountability and transparency; community and audiences; diversity and inclusiveness; public service and educational role; accessibility; and legal and ethical issues.
- Standards Regarding an Institutional Code of Ethics
Some of the key issues addressed in these standards include: mission statements; planning and plans; and evaluation.
- Standards Regarding Institutional Mission Statements
- Standards Regarding Institutional Planning
Some of the key issues addressed in these standards include: roles and responsibilities (Delegation of Authority); composition and diversity (of staff, volunteers, governing authority); structures and processes; and foundational or operational documents and policies.
- Standards Regarding Governance
- Standards for Museums with Joint Governance
- Standards Regarding the Composition of the Governing Authority
- Standards Regarding Delegation of Authority
Some of the key issues addressed in these standards include: collections planning; staffing; collections management policies; documentation; care and conservation (includes climate control); ethical collections issues; and intellectual property.
- Standards Regarding Loaning Collections to Non-Museum Entities
- Standards Regarding the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects During the Nazi Era
- Standards Regarding Archaeological Material and Ancient Art
Some of the key issues addressed in these standards include: quality and credibility; interpretive planning; evaluation; exhibiting borrowed objects; excellence (intellectual rigor); equity (inclusiveness and access); diversity and inclusiveness; community and audiences; and accessibility (physical and intellectual).
- Standards Regarding Exhibiting Borrowed Objects
Some of the key issues addressed in these standards include: financial planning and budgeting; diversity of income streams; commercial activities; patterns of financial behavior; and business and individual donor support.
- Standards Regarding Developing and Managing Business and Individual Donor Support
- Standards Regarding Retrenchment or Downsizing
Some of the key issues addressed in these standards include: risk management; emergency planning and preparation; and visitor services.
- Standards for Facilities and Risk Management as Related to Contractors
- Standards for Museums House in Historic Structures
The following compilation includes standards and best practices that are specific to museums. We appreciate being informed of other statements of standards and best practices that may be useful to the museum profession.
There are many organizations with standards guidelines relevant to museum operations. We encourage museums to abide by these if appropriate to their circumstances.